#537 — Burundi

The hills of Burundi. Notice that there is no bench terracing and that the fields are orientated up and down the hills with no erosion control measures. Photo by Wageningen University and Research. Agriculture in Burundi is poorly developed. Burundi is one of the poorest countries in the world. It is slightly larger than Rwanda with slightly less people (11,844,520) READ MORE

#536 — Rwanda

This is a picture of the hills around Byumba, Rwanda. Notice the large number of bench terraces on these hills. Picture from Hope International From 1999 until recently I traveled to Rwanda two or three times per year and was able to observe the development of agriculture in that country. Rwanda has adopted many improvements that could be easily done READ MORE

#535 — Reasons for the Demographic Transition in Kenya

Kenya Population – 2019 Age Total Female Male Total 49,142,516 24,630,484 24,512,032 0-4 5,531,359 2,752,479 2,778,880 5-9 6,473,488 3,228,365 3,245,123 10-14 6,650,319 3,318,340 3,331,979 15-19 5,605,722 2,802,364 2,803,358 20-24 4,292,846 2,153,952 2,138,894 25-29 3,988,032 1,995,127 1,992,905 30-34 3,796,346 1,891,436 1,904,910 35-39 3,402,750 1,690,216 1,712,534 40-44 2,600,659  1,262,969 1,337,690 Source: http://www.geoba.se/country.php?cc=KE This is a chart of age groups in five year READ MORE

#534 — The Demographic Transition in Kenya

Some of our family – in back, grand-niece Trinah; center left, grand-son Brian; center right, grand-daughter Faith (with shirt given to her by my grand-daughter Jayla), and front, grand-daughter, Rembo. When I lived in Kenya in the 1960s, Kenya had a fertility rate – the number of children the average woman would have during her child-bearing years – of over READ MORE

#533 — Land

A map of Kenya just before independence showing the 20% of the country that is arable land and the significant portion controlled by the British white settlers, usually the best of that arable land. Land. That’s the big issue. To be a small-scale farmer, a person needs to have access to land. The most common method of getting land is READ MORE

#532 — American Exceptionalism

A present day hog establishment in the United States. Is this farming? Reminder: The next three week Healing and Rebuilding Our Communities  International Training in Musanze, Rwanda, begins on February 3. If anyone is interested in attending, please contact me at davidzarembka@gmail.com. ***** American exceptionalism usually refers to that amazing form of government established at the end of eighteenth century READ MORE

#531 — Landless People

Part XIX: Benefits of Small-Scale Farming in Kenya Squatter houses on our way to Eldoret. Notice the simple construction of mud and wattle with grass roof and very small plot. If you have been reading my series of articles on small-scale farming, I hope you have been convinced of the benefits it has for the people in Kenya. Unfortunately this READ MORE

Results of GlobalGiving Campaigns to Date

Context: There are 5706 projects on the GlobalGiving webpage that people can donate to. These projects are ranked by GlobalGiving. The higher the ranking the more visibility there is on the GlobalGiving webpage and consequently the greater the possibility of a GlobalGiving donor seeing a project and then donating to it. GlobalGiving has more than 120,000 donors on its listserve READ MORE

#530 — The Small-Scale Farm

This is a picture of the homestead of Rezpa Sabatia, Gladys’ late cousin, who lived down the road from us. She and her husband, the late James Sabatia, were one of the original settlers in Lumakanda in the early 1960s. If you can see the corrugated iron building on the right among the tress, this was their carpentry shop, James’ READ MORE

#529 — The Destruction of Small-Scale Farming

Country people leaving a village due to enclosure in 18th Century England. Mary Evans Picture Library. In the last five hundred years the land of small-scale farmers has been confiscated by elites frequently and forcefully. The rationale has been due to the negative characterization of the small scale farmer as “uncivilized”, stupid, unproductive, and backward. These have been the justifications READ MORE